Tribal Court Advocacy

Tribal Court Advocacy - CCL

MCCCD Program and Award Information
Effective term: 
2018 Spring
Final term: 
Total credits required: 
CIP Code: 

The Certificate of Completion (CCL) in Tribal Court Advocacy program is designed to prepare students for careers as tribal court advocates or to work in settings that involve Indian legal issues.

Award notes

Students must earn a grade of "C" or better in all courses within the program.

Admission criteria

Application and admission to the program is required.
Students must have current English and Reading assessment reflecting eligibility for ENG101 or ENG107 and CRE101.

Required courses
Course #Course TitleCredits
CRE101College Critical Reading and Critical Thinking (3) or
equivalent as indicated by assessment0-3
ENG101First-Year Composition (3) OR
ENG107First-Year Composition for ESL (3)3
CPD103BENative American Cultural Pride and Awareness2
TCA101Overview of Indian Law I3
TCA102Overview of Indian Law II3
TCA103Tribal Court Jurisdiction3
TCA104AAPractice Court: Civil3
TCA104ABPractice Court: Criminal3
TCA203Ethics for the Tribal Court Advocate1
TCA211Introduction to Tribal Cases and Codes3
TCA215Evidence for the Tribal Court Advocate3
TCA225Legal Writing for the Tribal Court Advocate3
TCA298ABSpecial Projects2
  • Read and analyze varied and challenging reading materials, and analyze, synthesize, and evaluate these materials through written discourse. (CRE101)
  • Compose expository essays in English. (ENG101, ENG107)
  • Identify personal strengths, which enhance personal, social, vocational, and educational decisions. (CPD103BE)
  • Identify what is an Indian tribe and who is an Indian as related to Indian law. (TCA101)
  • Describe and analyze the jurisdictional framework in Indian country and the interrelationships among the tribes, the federal government, and the state governments. (TCA101)
  • Describe the basis for the exercise of criminal and civil jurisdiction by the tribal governments, the federal government, and the state governments. (TCA102)
  • Compare the rights of individual Indians and non-Indians in Indian country. (TCA102)
  • Describe Indian water rights, Indian fishing and hunting rights in Indian country. (TCA102)
  • Describe the Full Faith and Credit and choice of law issues. (TCA102)
  • Differentiate between criminal and civil jurisdiction in federal, state, and tribal courts and define the relationship among these courts. (TCA102, TCA103)
  • Perform all stages of a mock trial from commencement of the action to final judgment. (TCA104AA, TCA104AB)
  • Explain the difference ethical considerations confronting the various members of the court. (TCA203)
  • Identify and analyze major ethical issues associated with the administration of justice in modern times. (TCA203)
  • Analyze and evaluate the disciplinary rules and ethical issues relevant to the tribal court advocate. (TCA203)
  • Conduct legal research using proper citation form and appropriate primary sources, secondary sources, and finding tools. (TCA211)
  • Prepare a brief identifying the procedural history, facts, issues, holdings, dicta, and rationale of any case. (TCA211)
  • Describe admissible evidence in relation to relevancy. (TCA215)
  • Describe the reason for the exclusionary rule. (TCA215)
  • Apply the hearsay rule and describe exceptions to the rule. (TCA215)
  • Organize and develop effective well-written paragraphs using proper grammar, punctuation, and spelling. (TCA225)
  • Prepare a brief identifying the procedural history, facts, issues, holdings, dicta, and rationale of any case. (TCA225)
  • Prepare an internal memorandum of law. (TCA225)
  • Demonstrate the ability to do research and complete an independent study project related to tribal court advocacy. (TCA298AB)