Painting by Robert Sutz
Not on Our Watch: The 8th Genocide Awareness Week, held April 20-25, 2020, is a series of lectures, exhibits and storytelling by distinguished survivors, scholars, politicians, activists, artists, humanitarians and members of law enforcement. This week-long event seeks to address how we, as a global society, confront violent actions and current and ongoing threats of genocide throughout the world, while also looking to the past for guidance and to honor those affected by genocide.
Genocide Awareness Week is hosted by Scottsdale Community College and sponsored in part by local and national organizations. This event is FREE and OPEN TO THE PUBLIC. For more information, contact John Liffiton at: (480) 423-6447 or email@example.com
The United States Military in the First Republic of Armenia 1919-1920 – April 12 - 25, Copper Room, in the Student Center (SC). Sponsored by St. Apkar Armenian Apostolic Church. The Opening Reception will be on the 13th of April in the Turquoise Room too at 6:30pm. Light snacks and a presentation by the curator Dr. Rouben Adalian, Director of the Armenian National Institute based in Washington, DC and curator of “The United States Military in the First Republic of Armenia 1919-1920."
Holocaust by Bullets – January 26 - March 13, Burton Barr Library, 1221 North Central Avenue (map). The 2000-square foot exhibition “Holocaust by Bullets” presents the results of decades of research in Eastern Europe by Father Patrick Desbois and his foundation (Yahad-In Unum). It underscores the “Holocaust by Bullets,” the mass shootings of Jews and others that took place throughout Eastern Europe by the Nazi mobile killing units from 1941 to 1944 and the mechanisms of mass violence generally. It pays homage to the memories of the victims while seeking to promote a proactive movement against genocide. It's free and open to the public and docent-guided tours available.
The opening reception on January 26, 2020 begins at 3PM with guest speaker Wendy Lower, followed by a reception and tour of the exhibit. Wendy Lower is an American historian and a widely published author on the Holocaust and World War II. Since 2012, she holds the John K. Roth Chair at Claremont McKenna College in Claremont, California, and in 2014 was named the director of the Mgrublian Center for Human Rights at Claremont. As of 2016, she serves as the interim director of the Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, DC.
All presentations are held in the Turquoise Room in the Student Center (SC) unless otherwise indicated. Park in Lots A, B, C or D. View the campus map.
Monday, April 20
Savina Dawood, Co-Founder, Etuti Institute
Born and raised in Erbil, studied Primary and High-school in Assyrian. Bachelor in Business and Management. Masters in Human Rights at the Nürnberg University in Germany. Started volunteering from the age of 13 in various Assyrian organizations. The Assyrian activist Savina has been a strong advocate for Assyrian ethnic rights in many arenas and countries around the world such as; USA, Germany, Sweden, Russia, South Africa, Lebanon, Spain, Portugal, Croatia and Slovenia. She Co-Founded a non-profit educational organization, Etuti Institute with the vision “Generations or Leaders” aiming to empower and enable children, youth and women in the homeland and other countries where our people reside.
Respect and Tolerance in Our World
Mr. Oskar Knoblauch, Public Speaker and Author
I was born in Leipzig, Germany in 1925. My book, “A Boy’s Story A Man’s Memory” published in 2010, details my families struggle to survive the Holocaust. My story is filled with the ideas of honor, hope, courage, trust, love, respect, and tolerance. I speak in schools and urge students, teachers, and adults of all ages, to proactively teach and promote Holocaust education, and stress the importance of respect and tolerance. “Together we can instill tolerance into our hearts, our communities, and the world!”
Environmental Genocide in Indian Country
Manuel F. Pino, Professor of Sociology and Director of American Indian Studies, Scottsdale Community College
Manuel Pino’s research orientation is environmental issues and their impact on American Indians. Manuel has published several book chapters, articles in academic journals, articles in environmental publications and Indigenous publications in both the U.S. and Canada. Manuel has worked in the area of American Indians and the environment for the past forty one years with an emphasis on uranium mining and nuclear fuel chain issues impacting Indigenous Peoples throughout North America. Manuel is currently working with former American Indian uranium miners in New Mexico, Arizona, Washington and South Dakota on health issues related to radiation exposure and in Indigenous communities opposing nuclear waste storage and mining on their lands. Manuel currently serves on the Board of Directors for the Indigenous Environmental Network, Southwest Research and Information Center, Red Rock Foundation, and the Laguna Acoma Coalition For A Safe Environment of which he is a founding member. Manuel received the 2008 Nuclear Free Future Award for activism in Munich Germany. Manuel is also a member of the American Sociological Association and the American Indian Professors Association.
Unsettling Empathy: Working with Groups in Conflict
Dr. Bjorn Krondorfer, Director of Martin-Springer Institute and Endowed Professor of Religious Studies
Björn Krondorfer's field of expertise is religion, gender, and culture, and (post-) Holocaust and reconciliation studies. In 2007-08, he was guest professor at the Institute of Theology and the History of Religion at the Freie University Berlin, Germany, and visiting Faculty Affiliate at the University of the Free State, South Africa. He received a Senior Research Fellowship at the Vrije University in Amsterdam (2016/2017). He has presented his research and facilitated intercultural seminars internationally. Publications include the Unsettling Empathy: Working with Groups in Conflict (2020), The Holocaust and Masculinities ( 2020); Reconciliation in Global Context (2018); Male Confessions: Intimate Revelations and the Religious Imagination (2010); Men and Masculinities in Christianity and Judaism (2009); and Remembrance and Reconciliation (1995). As director of the Martin-Springer Institute, he has organized international academic symposia and mentored the creation of several exhibits, "Through the Eyes of Youth: Life and Death in the Bedzin Ghetto"; "Resilience: Women in Flagstaff’s Past and Present"; and on the Berlin Wall. He has curated the art exhibits "Wounded Landscapes" (2014) and "Echoes of Loss: Artistic Responses to Trauma" (2018). He is the recipient of a 2019 residential fellowship at the Santa Fe Art Institute on the theme of “truth and reconciliation.”
Opening Night: Franciscan Renewal Center
5:00pm Reception | 6:00pm Program
5802 East Lincoln Road, Scottsdale (map)
Father Patrick Desbois, Professor, Center for Jewish Civilization, Georgetown University
Father Patrick Desbois has devoted his life to researching the Holocaust, fighting anti-Semitism, and furthering relations between Catholics and Jews. Father Desbois is a Catholic priest and President of Yahad – In Unum, a global humanitarian organization he founded in 2004 dedicated to identifying and commemorating the sites of Jewish and Roma mass executions in Eastern Europe during World War II. Father Desbois served as director of the Episcopal Committee for Catholic-Judeo Relations from 1999 until 2016, under the auspices of the French Conference of Bishops. He is the grandson of a WWII French prisoner held in the Rawa Ruska camp on the Poland-Ukraine border. In 2004, he began to research the story of the Jews, Roma and other victims murdered in Eastern Europe during WWII by the Nazi mobile killing units, the Einsatzgruppen. His work through Yahad has been recognized through numerous awards and public commentary in France and throughout the world.
Father Desbois is also the author of "The Holocaust by Bullets: A Priest’s Journey to Uncover the Truth Behind the Murder of 1.5 Million Jews", Winner of the National Jewish Book Award, and the recently released "The Fabric of Terrorists: Into the Secrets of Daesh", based on his investigation of the Yazidi genocide in Iraq. "In Broad Daylight" documents mass killings in seven countries formerly part of the Soviet Union that were invaded by Nazi Germany. It shows how these murders followed a template, or script, which included a timetable that was duplicated from place to place. Far from being kept secret, the killings were done in broad daylight, before witnesses, and often treated as public spectacles. The Nazis deliberately involved the local inhabitants in the mechanics of death—whether it was to cook for the killers, to dig or cover the graves, to witness their Jewish neighbors being marched off, or to take part in the slaughter. They availed themselves of local people and the structures of Soviet life in order to make the Eastern Holocaust happen. Nearly a decade of further work drawing on interviews with neighbors of the Jews, wartime records, and the application of modern forensic practices to long-hidden grave sites. has resulted in stunning new findings about the extent and nature of the genocide.
Tuesday, April 21
The Last Train to The Concentration Camp
Dr. Dirk van Leenen, Speaker and Author of the award-winning book, "Resistance on a Bicycle"
Dirk Van Leenen was born in 1940 just after the war had begun in The Netherlands. He is married to Cynthia June Van Leenen. Together they have seven children and seventeen grandchildren They live in Arizona. Dirk has spent his life working with flowers. He has several degrees in Horticulture and floral design. His interest in English Literature began when he was still living in Holland. At the University of Leiden, he studied English and he worked a number of years in Holland as an English teacher. For years he used to tell stories about his experiences during the Second World War in Holland. His children and grandchildren always urged him to write a book about those difficult times. Dirk has written four books and travels around the world speaking and telling his stories, which are documented in his books.
Hidden Armenians in Turkey and Project Rebirth
Raffi Bedrosyan, Author
Raffi Bedrosyan is a civil engineer, writer and concert pianist, living in Toronto, Canada. He donated proceeds from his CDs and concerts in North America and Europe toward the construction of school, highway, and water infrastructure projects in Armenia and Karabagh, in which he also participated as civil engineer. He helped organize the reconstruction of Surp Giragos Diyarbakir/Dikranagerd Church, the first Armenian church reconstruction and return of property project in Turkey since 1915. His many articles in English, Armenian and Turkish media deal with TurkishArmenian issues, Islamized hidden Armenians and history of thousands of Armenian churches left behind in Turkey after 1915. He gave the first Armenian piano concert in the Surp Giragos Church in 2012, and again at the 2015 Genocide Centenary Commemoration. He is the founder of Project Rebirth, which has helped thousands of Islamized Armenians return to their original Armenian roots, language, and culture. He has appeared as keynote speaker in numerous international conferences related to human rights, genocide studies and Armenian issues. He is the author of the book 'Trauma and Resilience: Armenians in Turkey - hidden, not hidden and no longer hidden', published by Gomidas Institute, England.
Crimes Against Humanity: The Case of Armenian Genocide
Ambassador Armen Baibourtian Ph.D., Consul General of Armenia, Los Angeles
Ambassador Armen Baibourtian holds the position of Consul General of Armenia in Los Angeles since September 2018. He was Professor of Political Science at University of Massachusetts Amherst. He worked earlier as Senior Adviser to the United Nations Resident Coordinator. Baibourtian served twice as Deputy Foreign Minister, being Chief Negotiator with the European Union. Along with the U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of State, he co-chaired the U.S.-Armenia Security Dialogue. He also co-chaired Intergovernmental Commissions on Cooperation with China and India. Baibourtian was Ambassador in India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia. He was also Deputy Permanent Representative to the UN in New York.
The Assyrian Genocide: Cultural and Political Legacies
Dr. Hannibal Travis, J.D., Professor, Florida International University
Hannibal Travis is the editor and a contributor to The Assyrian Genocide: Cultural and Political Legacies (Travis ed., 2017). He also wrote the first comprehensive legal history of genocide in the Middle East and North Africa, entitled Genocide in the Middle East: The Ottoman Empire, Iraq, and Sudan (Carolina Academic Press, 2010). His second book undertook he first in-depth exploration of the causes of genocide and politicide using the U.N. archives. His other work has appeared in several international law journals, Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal, the Middle East Quarterly, and in anthologies from Cambridge UP, Rutgers UP, Palgrave Macmillan, the University of Pennsylvania Press, and Transaction.
Children Of The Holocaust
Nachum Erlich, Regional Manager, Israeli-American Council
The mission of the Israeli-American Council (IAC) is to build an engaged and united Israeli-American community that strengthens the Israeli and Jewish identity of our next generation, the American Jewish community, and the bond between the peoples of the United States and the State of Israel.
Wednesday, April 22
Making the Unbearable a Bit More Bearable: The Work of Forensic Anthropologists & Archaeologists in Bosnia
Dr. Lisa Marsio, Professor of Archeology and Biological Anthropology, Scottsdale Community College
Dr. Marsio holds degrees from the University of Arizona and Thunderbird School of Global Management. On a Fulbright-Hays Grant in 2017, Dr. Marsio traveled to Bosnia where she met survivors of the Bosnian Genocide. Determined to share their story with the world, Dr. Marsio now routinely lectures to classes on the work of forensic anthropologists in Bosnia who try to bring some sense of closure to the families who lost loved ones to genocide and war crimes.
Genocide in Bosnia-Resilience and Recovery
Dr. Esad Boškailo, Associate Professor of Psychiatry, University of Arizona
Esad Boškailo, MD, is a psychiatrist and an associate director of residency training programs at MIHS. He is an Associate Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at University of Arizona and Assistant Professor at Mayo Medical School in Arizona. He is a survivor of six different concentration camps during the war in Bosnia (1993-1994). In 2012 he was awarded the Robert H. Kirshner Award for Global Activism. He is co-author of Wounded I Am More Awake: Finding Meaning after Terror, in conjunction with Julia Lieblich, published by Vanderbilt University press in April, 2012. In 2016 Phoenix Business Journal awarded Dr. Boškailo as a “Health Care Heroes".
Srebrenica Genocide 25 years on
Hasan Hasanović, Curator and Interpreter, Memorial Center, Srebrenica-Potočari Memorial and Cemetery for the victims of 1995 genocide
Survivor of the Srebrenica Genocide, Hasanović survived the genocide but other family members did not, including his twin brother and his father. He educates thousands of visitors each year at the Memorial. He is frequently interviewed by the international press and the BBC and has been a keynote speaker at events in universities and schools in numerous countries. He is a permanent member of the Peace March organization committee established to mark an annual anniversary of the Srebrenica genocide. He has addressed the Scottish House of Parliament. He had a private reception at the UK Prime Minister's official office and residence at 10 Downing Street in 2013. With the support of the Scottish First Minister he published a short memoir of his experience entitled, Surviving Srebrenica (The Lumphanan Press) which was translated into Italian (Gabrielli Editori) and endorsed by Amnesty International Italy in 2018, translated into Dutch (Polis) and it will soon be published in German, French and Turkish. He is currently working on the following books; 'Surviving Srebrenica-Revised Edition' as the author and as a cooauthor 'Voices From Srebrenica 25 Years On'. He has been working on a number of projects regarding the Srebrenica genocide to ensure that it is not going to be forgotten.
ASU, NAU and UA Graduate Panel on the Holocaust
Christopher Harrison, Graduate Teaching Assistant, Northern Arizona University
The Genocidal Misuse of Conscription
After having immigrated to the U.S. from the U.K. in 2007, Christopher is an advanced doctoral student of political science. He anticipates graduating from Northern Arizona University in May 2020. His research examines the misuse of conscription for forced labor (rather than for security) to trace how institutional exploitation has led to genocides of labor conscripts in documented cases. His dissertation applies an interdisciplinary comparative approach to trace destructive processes of attritional losses to explain how such mechanisms may be prevented or potentially stopped. Christopher’s teaching focus is on International Relations and modern world history.
Sina Meissgeier, Graduate Student, University of Arizona
Life-Writing in Times of Violence and Dehumanization: Holocaust Memoirs by Women from the Concentration Camp Ravensbrück
Sina Meissgeier is a 3rd year Ph.D. student in the binational doctoral programme “Transcultural German Studies” at the University of Arizona in Tucson, USA, and the University of Leipzig, Germany. She is minoring in Gender and Women's Studies. She holds an M.A. in German Studies from Leipzig. Sina is currently working on her dissertation on Women’s Literature from the concentration camp Ravensbrück. Her research interests include Holocaust Literature, East German Literature and Culture, German Jewish Literature from the 20th Century, Memory Studies and LGBTQ Studies. Sina also works as a journalist for the public media in Germany.
Notes of Hope
George Somi, Staff Systems Engineer, Maxar Technologies
I call myself a musician who moonlights as an engineer. I have been composing since I was 12 years old. Though never formally trained, I have worked with orchestras and bands all over the world to play my music. I am also very passionate about space exploration and expanding mankind’s reach into the cosmos. Conveying emotion and telling stories via music is my life’s calling. Music can connect disparate peoples across the globe with no prior knowledge of each other’s customs and traditions. It truly is a universal language and a fantastic way to connect the people of this planet.
Thursday, April 23
No More Deaths
Dr. Scott D. Warren, Cultural Geographer
Scott Warren is a cultural geographer who lives in Ajo, Arizona. As an academic geographer he researches and teaches about the intersection of people and place at the Mexico-U.S. border. He works to bring the experiences of the Arizona-Sonora borderlands into his classrooms, while at the same time getting students out of the classroom and into the Arizona-Sonora borderlands. Scott favorite past time is exploring Arizona’s beautiful landscapes and important places.
The Externalization of Genocide: Borders & Deportation as Ethnic Cleansing
Dr. Robin Reineke, Assistant Research Social Scientist, The Southwest Center, University of Arizona
Dr. Reineke's research and teaching interests include global migration, forensics, humanitarianism, immigration, and human rights along the U.S.-Mexico border. Her dissertation, “Naming the Dead: Identification and Ambiguity Along the U.S.-Mexico Border,” is an ethnographic study of the social and scientific processes of human identification and disappearance in the southern Arizona borderlands. Early on in her research for this project, Reineke identified an unmet need for thousands of families of the missing—they could not easily report a missing loved one on the border, and hence, data that could identify the dead was not making it to forensic scientists. This compelled her to start the Missing Migrant Project in 2006, and then co-found the Colibrí Center for Human Rights in 2013, a nonprofit family advocacy organization working to end death and suffering on the US-Mexico border by working closely with both forensic scientists and families of the missing.
Training Atrocity Workers: The Case of the Nazi Concentration Camp Guard
Dr. Kimberly Allar, Clinical Assistant Professor of History and Co-Director of World War II Studies, Arizona State University
Kimberly Allar is a Clinical Assistant Professor of History and the Co-Director of the online World War II Studies Master’s degree program at Arizona State University. Her research explores the role of violence, war, and community and how these topics intersect with gender and race. She has held research fellowships from the Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Claims Conference on Jewish Material Claims against Germany, the Holocaust Educational Foundation, and the European Holocaust Research Infrastructure, among others. Her current work focuses on the recruitment and training policies for concentration camp guards from 1933-1945.
Art and Internment Camps: Culture, Incarceration and Resilience
Dr. Betsy Fahlman, Professor of Art History, Arizona State University
Betsy Fahlman is a Professor of Art History at Arizona State University, where she has taught since 1988. She is also Adjunct Curator of American Art at the Phoenix Art Museum. Her specialties include American modernism, the New Deal, industrial archeology, the art history of Arizona and the Southwest, and women artists. Her books include Kraushaar Galleries: Celebrating 125 Years (2010), New Deal Art in Arizona (2009), James Graham & Sons: A Century and a Half in the Art Business (2007), Chimneys and Towers: Charles Demuth’s Late Paintings of Lancaster (2007), and Guy Pène du Bois: Painter of Modern Life (2004).
Holocaust Remembrance Day Continuing Legal Education Event
Brandon Lebovitz, Board Member, Arizona Jewish Lawyers Association
The Arizona Jewish Lawyers Association (AJLA) brings together attorneys, judges, and law students to build and develop community through educational, social, philanthropic, and networking activities. AJLA is proud to continue its annual Holocaust Remembrance Day Continuing Legal Education Event, which every year since 2012, features both a Holocaust survivor speaker and a legal education presentation led by professors, attorneys, and other community leaders. For more information on AJLA, please email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Friday, April 24
FBI Workshop: Federal Law and Civil Rights: Excessive Force, Hate, Genocide, and House of Worship Security
Hate & Bias Crimes Squad, Phoenix Division
FBI presenters will cover four topics:
1. United States Federal Law and International Human Rights. The FBI is empowered by statute to investigate and prosecute US citizens and persons located within the United States who are alleged to have committed criminal international human rights violations. These acts include torture, female genital mutilation, war crimes, and genocide. This presentation will explain the relevant statutes and discuss case studies to illustrate the application of the laws through investigation and prosecution.
2. Hate Crimes. The FBI is the primary federal law enforcement organization charged with investigating allegations of criminal civil rights violations. As such the FBI conducts investigations nationwide into acts of hate, using the guidelines provided by US statute. This presentation will cover national, state, and local statistics, discuss the relevant federal law, and present case studies for discussion.
3. Color-of-Law and the Role of Policing. An often discussed topic is the role of the FBI and the federal government in conducting criminal investigations into the actions of police officers and sheriff’s deputies. Officer involved shootings and other law enforcement use-of-force events can be and often are an emotional point of conflict between communities and law enforcement. This presentation will cover the federal law most often used in investigating law enforcement actions, case studies which illustrate the application of the statute in investigation and prosecution, and discuss the role of policing in preserving the constitutional civil rights.
4. House of Worship Security. The recent incidents in which active shooters targeted houses of worship increased the relevance of this topic. This presentation will cover the recent threat posed to houses of worship by active shooters, drawing upon studies conducted by the FBI which pay particular attention to: the threat posed by active shooters; the ways in which houses of worship can respond to threats against their leadership, structures, and those that assemble to worship; and some ways and means by which community leaders can mitigate that threat.
Saturday, April 25
ADL Educator's Workshop: Echoes and Reflections
Kim Klett, Trainer/English Teacher, Echoes & Reflections, Mesa Public Schools
Kim Klett is an English and Holocaust Literature teacher at Dobson High School and at SCC. She is a Museum Teacher Fellow of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, DC, and is a Carl Wilkens Fellow (2010). She serves on the board of the Phoenix Holocaust Association. Kim has been teaching for 28 years at Dobson, but also works with adults in Holocaust education as an Echoes & Reflections trainer. In addition, she is Deputy Executive Director for The Educators' Institute for Human Rights, and works with teachers in Bosnia on both Holocaust and Peace education. Kim resides in Gilbert with her family.
This full-day program is perfect for both teachers who have used Echoes & Reflections in their classrooms and those who are new to it. We will look at two of Echoes & Reflection's newest programs: Choices Matter: Complicity and Action During the Holocaust and Analyzing Propaganda and Teaching Media Literacy: The Holocaust as a Case Study. Teachers will utilize primary sources, video testimonies, and hands-on lessons and activities that they can take directly back to their classrooms.