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Tribal Development

The Associate in Applied Science (AAS) in Sustaining and Advancing Indigenous Nations is designed for students who plan to work directly with an Indigenous Nation. Students are provided with instruction and academic support in courses unique to the political, legal, economic, and social status of Indigenous peoples and their respective communities. MCCCD offers this unique program in recognition of the special political "trust relationship" between Indigenous Nations and the federal government of the United States. The program emphasizes inherent Indigenous sovereignty, self-governance, self-determination, federal Indian law, and policy that currently addresses development on Indigenous lands. The curriculum also develops skills and knowledge in business management principles, ethics, planning, leadership, organization, and operations. The AAS in Sustaining and Advancing Indigenous Nations may prepare students for careers with governmental entities, non-profit organizations, or for-profit enterprises within the sovereign jurisdiction of Indigenous Nations. A Certificate of Completion (CCL) in Sustaining and Advancing Indigenous Nations is also available.


Academic Plan Code: 
Associate of Applied Science (AAS)
Total credits required: 
Award notes

Students must earn a grade of C or better in all courses within the program.
Federal Indian policy stipulates tribal preference in hiring, which should be considered in seeking employment with tribal nations and selected federal agencies.

At the start of the program, students should seek advice from prospective tribal employers for career opportunities.

Required courses
Course #Course TitleCredits
AIS/SOC105Introduction to American Indian Studies3
AIS/SOC112American Indian Policy3
AIS113Proposal Writing3
AIS141Sovereign Indian Nations3
AIS/SOC160American Indian Law3
AIS201Indigenous Nation Building3
AIS203Fundamentals of Economic Development for Indigenous Nations3
CPD103BENative American Cultural Pride and Awareness2
GBS151Introduction to Business3
MGT253Owning and Operating a Small Business3
MGT101Techniques of Supervision (3) OR
MGT175Business Organization and Management (3)3
MGT296WCCooperative Education3
Restricted Electives
Course #Course TitleCredits
Students must select two to six (2-6) credits from the following restricted electives:
ACC111Accounting Principles I3
MGT251Human Relations in Business3
CIS105Survey of Computer Information Systems3
GBS233Business Communication3
MGT296WBCooperative Education2
General education requirements
General Education RequirementCredits: 19-25
General Education CoreCredits: 12-18
First-Year CompositionCredits: 6
ENG101First-Year Composition (3) OR
ENG107First-Year Composition for ESL (3)
ENG102First-Year Composition (3) OR
ENG108First-Year Composition for ESL (3)6
Oral CommunicationCredits: 3
COM110Interpersonal Communication (3) OR
COM225Public Speaking (3) OR
COM230Small Group Communication (3)3
Critical ReadingCredits: 0-3
CRE101College Critical Reading and Critical Thinking (3) OR
equivalent as indicated by assessment
MathematicsCredits: 3-6
MAT140College Mathematics (5) OR
MAT141College Mathematics (4) OR
MAT142College Mathematics (3) OR
MAT145College Mathematics with Review (5) OR
MAT146College Mathematics with Review (6) OR
Equivalent or higher level mathematics course in the Mathematics area.3-6
General Education DistributionCredits: 7
Humanities and Fine ArtsCredits: 3
Any approved general education course from the Humanities, Arts and Design area.
Social and Behavioral SciencesCredits: 0
Met by AIS/SOC141 in Required Courses area.
Natural SciencesCredits: 4
Any approved general education course from the Natural Sciences area.
  • Analyze the various ways in which Indigenous Peoples identify and organize themselves in relation to pre- and post-colonial contact. (AIS/SOC105, AIS/SOC112, AIS/SOC141, AIS201, CPD103BE, (CRE), [SB])
  • Examine the Indigenous concept of interconnectedness with respect to the Sacred, which is holistically and organically inclusive of culture, homeland, worldview, identity, nature, and sustainability. (AIS/SOC105, AIS/SOC112, AIS/SOC141, AIS/SOC160, AIS201, AIS203, CPD103BE, (CRE), [MA], [SB], [SG], [SQ])
  • Assess the diverse political, economic, legal, cultural, and social systems of Indigenous Nations and the impact of the laws and policies of the United States on Indigenous Nations and their sovereignty. (AIS/SOC105, AIS/SOC112, AIS113, AIS/SOC141, AIS/SOC160, AIS201, AIS203, CPD103BE, (CRE), [HU], [SB], [SG], [SQ])
  • Evaluate contemporary issues that challenge Indigenous Nations. (AIS/SOC105, AIS/SOC112, AIS113, AIS/SOC141, AIS201, AIS203, CPD103BE, [HU], [SB], [SG], [SQ])
  • Communicate orally, visually, digitally, and in writing in a manner that demonstrates cross-cultural empathy, self-awareness, open-mindedness, reciprocity, and responsiveness. (AIS/SOC105, AIS/SOC112, AIS113, AIS/SOC141, AIS/SOC160, AIS201, CPD103BE, GBS233, MGT101, (COM), (CRE), [FYC])
  • Apply various business principles to recommend effective, ethical, and efficient business solutions to sustain and advance Indigenous Nations. (ACC111, AIS/SOC105, AIS/SOC112, AIS/SOC141, AIS/SOC160, AIS201, CIS105, GBS151, GBS233, MGT101, MGT175, MGT251, MGT253, MGT296WB, MGT296WC, (CRE), [MA])

At Maricopa, we strive to provide you with accurate and current information about our degree and certificate offerings. Due to the dynamic nature of the curriculum process, course and program information is subject to change. As a result, the course list associated with this degree or certificate on this site does not represent a contract, nor does it guarantee course availability. If you are interested in pursuing this degree or certificate, we encourage you to meet with an advisor to discuss the requirements at your college for the appropriate catalog year.